It was with the creation of five new cities planned around Paris in the years 1964 to 1965, together with the lighting plan for the Ile de France region, that the first studies which might today be called “lighting master plans” were born in France. At the time, they were intended to prioritize and differentiate lighting typologies according to the types of roads and streets. Towards the end of the 1980s, this development was referred to in France as “urbanisme lumière”.
The year 1989 saw the birth of the first lighting plans that might be termed “communicating” plans: the Lyon lighting master plan, perhaps the most famous of them all, which was commissioned by the Mayor and the municipal technical services in collaboration with French lighting designer Alain Guilhot, but also the lighting master plan for Edinburgh in Scotland, realised at the same time by the British lighting design practice Lighting Design Partnership.
The lighting master plan for Caen in France, designed in 1990 by the French lighting designer Pierre Bideau, marks a further important stage in the development of urban lighting: the political decision to include the illumination of 44 monuments and to realise the designed schemes in less than three years. The same year, and for the first time in France, Concepto developed a LMP for a social housing district, Le Clou Bouchet in the City of Niort, within the framework of a national social development policy. This presented the opportunity to apply a new approach to urban lighting, focusing on urban spaces which are often socially disadvantaged and neglected. […]
The full version of the article can be found in PLD No. 101
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