Text: Tzur Barak
Photos: Tzur Barak

25. Oct 2013

Light as the generator of the structural building

As an architect, industrial designer and artist, I promote research and art that focuses on the architectural space as composed of three entities: light, material and space. Each of these entities has different characteristics and plays a unique role in the creation of the three-dimensional space. This breakdown into separate entities brings about new insights into the creation of the three-dimensional phenomenon. In my art works I think of the basic entities, light, material and space, as the tools that convey the artistic message.

In this framework, I try to convey that we know very little about the role of the light component in creating three-dimensional phenomena in our minds. Furthermore, in recent years, light has been undergoing far-reaching changes. This transformation will generate a revolution in the way we create and consume space. Light will eventually become the generator of the structural building. In order to present this assertion I will first elaborate on my approach of considering the three-dimensional space as a composition of light, material and space.

The three-dimensional phenomenon can be categorized into elements that can be considered as spatial elements that can be considered as materials and elements that can be viewed as light. Each of these elements has different mathematical and physical characteristics, is created by different processes, and has different functions and roles. Together they create the spatial phenomenon. These elements have symbiotic relationships that are difficult to distinguish. From the eye’s perspective, the three-dimensional phenomenon is seen as one system. We can use a simple well-known structure such as a bedroom to illustrate this idea of breaking down the spatial phenomena into light, material and spatial entities. Spatial entities are the geometrical components – length, width and height of the room. This type of room is usually orthogonal. Its material entities are the textures that express the geometry (and not the materials from which the wall itself is built), for example, paint and wallpaper on the walls, granite porcelain and parquet on the floor, and paint on the ceiling. In the case of materials, the coating is the most important and we are most interested in the way it diffuses light. We will want to know how light rays will be deflected, reflected or diffused as various shades and angles of light. Its light components are both the natural element, that is the sun, and the manufactured elements, such as the electric light. The light element is based on the mathematics and physics of optics. It is created by the way photons (light rays) move in the space. This is the most dynamic entity of the three elements since it can be turned off or changed at the flick of a switch. If the source of light in the room is natural, for example in the form of a window, the light element will change throughout the day and also between seasons. We can use this approach to analyze and break down any space, even the most complex of spaces. […]

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The full version of the article can be found in PLD No. 90.
And our PLD magazine app (iPad App Store) contains a media-enhanced version.

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